Autism is a neurological disorder which negatively impacts a child’s social interaction skills and imagination. This means a child with autism may have speech impairments, problems interacting with others and limited play skills and interests.
Research states that 40 to 70 percent of children with autism may have intellectual disabilities, 30 to 60 percent may have typical IQ, while less than 10 percent may even have savant tendencies with IQ above 110.
Due to their difficulties to understand the physical and social environments around them, some children with autism display challenging behaviours such as temper tantrums. This issue can be solved with positive behaviour supports.
Some children with autism also face difficulties in learning. However, with effective teaching strategies, they can be helped to learn. An example of an effective teaching strategy for them is by breaking what they need to learn into the smallest units and teaching these units one by one in a clear and concrete manner. This teaching strategy can be applied to teach these children both academic and self-help skills.
As such, early intervention is very important to help them develop optimally and overcome the challenges that they face due to autism. Early intervention ensures brighter future for these children.
The Journey Begins
Autism Spectrum Disorder or ASD is a term that is unfamiliar in many societies, let alone being understood. It is even unheard of in some societies. This lack of awareness has led to misperceptions about the disorder and intolerance of people living with autism. This is unfortunate because autism is not a tragedy but ignorance on the other hand, is the real tragedy as sadly reflected in the worlds of people with autism.
ASD today is recognized as the fastest growing developmental disorder and the trend is increasing. It is estimated that the prevalence rate of autism in Europe and the United States is currently one (1) percent of the population. This is indeed a huge number. Imagine what will happen to a country twenty years from now, if this situation is to continue without appropriate intervention, support and attention given to it. These children will generally end up staying with their families and become dependent and unproductive adults throughout their life. In fact researchers found that more than one in three adults having ASD had no opportunity to further their education or being employed for the first six years after high school. This may be a loss not only to them, but more importantly to the country as it is unable to optimize her human potential.
Apa itu autsme
iKurnia : Pendidikan Digital Autisme Untuk Komuniti